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2020陕西银行春季校园招聘考试模拟练习题(六十二)

2019-12-16 16:29:03   中公金融人网   来源: 陕西银行招聘网

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英语(阅读理解)

Aeroplanes will be too afraid to crash, yogurts will wish you good morning beforebeing eaten and human consciousness will be stored on supercomputers, promisingimmortality for all. These fantastic claims are not made by a science fiction writer or acrystal ball-gazing lunatic. They are the deadly earnest predictions of Ian Pearson, head ofthe futurology unit at BT.

“If you draw the timelines, realistically by 2050 we would expect to be able todownload your mind into a machine, so when you die it’s not a major career problem,”

Pearson told The Observer. “If you’re rich enough then by 2050 it’s feasible. If you’re pooryou’ll probably have to wait until 2075 or 2080 when it’s routine. We are very serious aboutit. That’s how fast this technology is moving: 45 years is a hell of a long time in IT.”

The world’s fastest computer, IBM’s BlueGene, can perform 70.72 trillion calculationsper second and is accelerating all the time. But anyone who believes in the uniqueness ofconsciousness or the soul will find Pearson’s next suggestion hard to swallow. “We’realready looking at how you might structure a computer that could possibly becomeconscious. There are quite a lot of us now who believe it’s entirely feasible.”

In the shorter term, Pearson identifies the next phase of progress as “ambientintelligence”: chips with everything. He explained: “For example, if you have a pollencount sensor in your car you take some antihistamine before you get out. Chips will comesmall enough that you can start impregnating them into the skin. We’re talking about videotattoos as very, very thin sheets of polymer that you just literally stick on to the skin andthey stay there for several days. You could even build in cellphones and connect it to thenetwork, use it as a video phone and download videos or receive emails.”

The next age, he predicts, will be that of “simplicity” in around 2013-2015. This iswhere the IT has actually become mature enough that people will be able to drive it withouthaving to go on a training course. “Forget this notion that you have to have one single chipin the computer which does everything. Why not just get a stack of little self-organizingchips in a box and they’ll hook up and do it themselves. It won’t be able to get any virusesbecause most of the operating system will be stored in hardware which the hackers can’twrite to. If your machine starts going wrong, you just push a button and it’s reset to thefactory setting.”

Pearson’s third age is “virtual worlds” in around 2020. “We will spend a lot of time invirtual space, using high quality, 3D, immersive, computer generated environments tosocialize and do business in. When technology gives you a life-size 3D image and the linksto your nervous system allow you to shake hands, it’s like being in the other person’s office.

It’s impossible to believe that won’t be the normal way of communicating.”

37. To which of the following would Pearson most likely agree?

A. Soon the wealthy will be able to download their consciousness into computers.

B. Next-generation technologies will adjust to communication and emotion.

C. It’s possible that we could have computers smarter than human beings.

D. Ambient intelligence will be the first step in making conscious computers.

答案解析:

37.【答案】B。解析:推断题。从第一段开端“非常担心自己坠毁的飞机、会问候的乳酪、有意识的电脑……”可以看出,皮尔逊未来技术朝着情感和交流方向发展。因此 B 正确。第二段中,皮尔逊谈到富人比穷人可以更早地实现将人的思想下载到机器上,但是皮尔逊并没有表示这个时间是短暂的。相反,该段末句中他提到,45 年(即实现思想下载的时间)在 IT 业中是很长的一段时间。因此 A 不正确。“情景智能”和“有意识的电脑”分别属于人工智能发展的不同阶段,两者没有必然的联系,排除 D。C 无从推知。故答案选 B。

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